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Leon, Guanajuato, Mexico, 14 November 2019. ASU Edson College PAHO/WHO Collaborating Centre to Advance the Policy on Research for Health co-deputy director, Carol Baldwin, PhD, RN, FAAN contributed, during the IV Festival Trotamundos ETNOAI the keynote address on Sleep, Occupational Health and the Need for Public Policy.
Dr. Baldwin (center front) with several attendees from the Health Sciences and Social Sciences Divisions
In her presentation on Sleep, Occupational Health and the Need for Public Policy, Dr. Baldwin indicated that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States found that over 52% of night shift workers who provide health care sleep six hours or less per day. On average, adults should have seven to eight hours of sleep. Sleep deficiency contributes to patient dissatisfaction, patient care errors, safety risks to patients and the public, as well as to workers and their families with home-related accidents. In addition, night and long shifts lead to job dissatisfaction, reduced well-being, burnout and high organizational turnover rate. Dr. Baldwin also provided evidence of relationships between night and extended shift work and higher prevalence of chronic disease, including type 2 diabetes, breast and testicular cancers, and cardiovascular disease. Sleep deficiency and worker fatigue have also contributed to industrial accidents (e.g., Chernobyl) and vehicular accidents that contribute to injury and death. Dr. Baldwin included the framework for evidence-based policy drawing from the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) objectives to Advance the Policy on Research for Health and provided examples of a position statement and policy brief relevant to nurse fatigue, sleep deficiency, shift work, health, and patient and public safety.
The IV Festival Trotamundos ETNOAI and the keynote address were organized jointly by the Division of Social Sciences and the Division of Health Sciences at the University of Guanajuato, Leon, Mexico. The coordinators for the keynote were Maricruz Romero Ugalde, PhD (Social Sciences) and Sergio Marquez Gamino, MD, PhD, Director of the Certified Diabetes Educator Program, Health Sciences Division. The keynote was attended by an interprofessional audience of students and faculty from medicine, nursing, psychology, social work, anthropology, social studies, humanities, nutrition and physical activity.